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The computer was invented because the mathematicians and statisticians were tired of making extensive calculations. This opinion on the history and “invention” of the computer is heard over and over again – and it is at least not completely wrong, but again not quite right, because in business life there was also monotonous work that demanded automation and relief and this led to automation of production plants, to the typewriter and to book-keeping machines Mechanical calculating machines were much more common in the offices and factories than in universities and scientific institutes However, many desks still had mechanical calculators on them and were often used at a speed and perfection that was impressive – both scientific and practical ones led to the development and perfection of the computer .
In the thirties and forties “everywhere” there was a spirit of optimism in the world regarding the construction of mechanical and electronic calculating machines, which led to the realization of the computer after World War 2. Already in 1937 Konrad Zuse presented his first, mechanical relay computer finished in the living room of his parents and without state support, largely designed alone, this was the first working computer that was built in. It did not work very well, which was not trivial, since many components were not yet manufactured with the necessary precision Konrad Zuse sawed out many relay plates with the jigsaw himself – the rest helped him with friends, but already the variant Z3 was a working model that unfortunately was destroyed in a bombing raid. Undaunted, Zuse built another device, which he transported from Berlin to the Allgäu – partly under adventurous circumstances – and hid successfully from the Allies in a horse stable. Here he also presented it to professors from the famous Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, who then rented the computer and began working until 1959. At first it was the only computer in Europe working at a university. In France, a mechanical relay calculator was also used at the same time, but never completed.
Initially, these computers could only be found at research institutions. During the war, however, they
were already used in the military (for ballistic calculations) and later in industry for special (for example,
static) calulations. After the devices became smaller, more error-tolerant and at the same time less
expensive, they conquered the companies, in particular the “middle data technology” made in the
seventies for the collection also in medium-sized companies and the rise of the German computer
pioneer Nixdorf The invention of the personal computer in the 80’s finally brought the electronic data
processing into the small business.
A computer is nothing without software. In the beginning, a program had to be recreated for each
application. The application variants in the large companies were as varied as the companies themselves
and therefore had to be worked out individually. The more companies used and used computers, the
more situations occurred that recurred. Therefore, the standardization of software soon began. In many
cases today a program can be acquired which can be used in the same way in many situations.
Incidentally, standardized software does not mean that individual settings would not be possible. You
have such a product in front of you with One Less Desc accounting. You can install the same program on
your computer as many other operations. However, your application differs – depending on what you
have for a business: service, e-mail, trade or others – but of many use variants of other companies.
The advantage which also accrues to a small business from the use of computers can only be correctly
estimated after some time. The first delivery notes and invoices are not necessarily written faster than
with the typewriter. But then, once a folder is full and a specific document needs to be re-searched, the
benefits may become apparent for the first time. But even more effective is the further processing of
the data: such as the automatic transfer of the document data to the accounting or the evaluation of
sales. It is much easier to look at unpaid bills and outstanding debts, and so the use of the computer will
be effective for the small business, as well urgently needs, because the use of personnel is usually very
limited and costly.